How long can the person live depending on the geography and income? Starting from the 19 century there is a tendency of the lifespan increase. This tendency is especially noticeable in well developed countries of Europe, the USA and Asia. For example, in Europe since 1950 till 2005 the lifespan increased from 65 years to 73.
However, on the other hand it caused the decrease of birth level. During the last years many countries experienced “aging of the population” with the increase of older people amount (starting with 65) and everything connected with this problem. According to the latest studies from Meds World Canadian Pharmacy till 2025 every 6th person on Earth will be older than 60. It will be more than a milliard of elderly people.
15 years gap between rich and poor people
International group of researchers hold a broad scale investigation which proved that income level influences the lifespan greatly. The economists found out that wealthy people live 15 years longer than the poorest ones.
About a million of the USA citizens from 40 to 76 years took part in the research which has been provided during 14 years. The difference was mainly caused by the way of life. People with low income usually smoke more, don’t have the proper healthcare and experience worse work conditions.
Five countries with the longest lifespan
There are some places in the world where people live more than in other areas and each of them has its own secret source of life power. Countries with a majority of long livers are Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Switzerland and Spain.
Japan is called “the land of immortals”. The abundance of fish and tofu help Japanese people to live longer. People here live about 83 years. Spain is popular with its Mediterranean diet, vegetables and vine. Citizens of this country have chances to live till 82,8 years.
Singapore possesses an excellent healthcare – medicine here stops the diseases until their beginning. This country provides women with the safest child birth in the world. They live here about 83,1 years.
The only country that didn’t surprise anyone is Switzerland as it is one of the wealthiest countries of Europe. It has both: perfect healthcare and good food (the Swiss love eating cheese and other milk products). The average lifespan is 81 years.
However, the most breath taking longevity is characteristic for South Korea. In average people here live about 90 years. Food of the Koreans is considered useful and nutritious. Besides, the citizens of South Korea suffer more from problems with blood pressure than the Europeans.
Instead of epidemics and infections there is a threat connected with high income
During many years lifespan was seriously limited by high child death level. In Sweden at the end of 19 century it was higher than nowadays in Angola: 150 children out of 1000 died during the first five years. In 2015 5,9 million people didn’t reach the 5th birthday as well. However, this is twice less than in 1990. In Germany only 4 babies out of 1000 die. Besides, increase of death level in other age groups also attracts attention. Thus, increasing lifespan first of all depends on how long elderly people live.
In developed countries 9 out of 10 deaths are caused by cancer and cardio-vascular diseases. In the world scale malfunctions in blood circulation and blood-strokes are the most wide spread reason of fatal outcome. Only in the poorest countries people die because of infectious diseases: inflammation of the lungs, diphtheria, HIV, tuberculosis and malaria. Only 1 out of 8 cases falls on fine radioactive dust and intoxication produced by combustion products. A critical death risk from fires in observed in South-East Asia and east Mediterranean.
Healthcare system plays an important role as well
The influence of healthcare system may be illustrated in the best way by divided Germany. Till 1970 lifespan in both parts of Germany was almost equal. But then on the west there happened a “cardiovascular revolution”: cordial diseases started to be treated better and the difference in lifespan heavily increased. Only after the reunion of East and West Germany the situation became better.
However, high quality of healthcare doesn’t automatically mean long lifespan. For example, the USA people live not longer than the Cubans and Costa Ricans, although US government spends more money on healthcare system than any other country in the world. In the USA insurance companies and government programs cover 9% of healthcare expenditures. Those people who need to pay for treating on their own visit the doctor more rarely.
Increasing lifespan may have serious impacts on family structures, labour world and society in particular. Are pension systems ready for it? Won’t young people meet even more problems? Won’t economic reforms crash having collided with constantly increasing level of old people?
As the questioners show, for most people the main question is not the maximal lifespan, but mainly good health until old age, independence and lack of pain. The question how we can age became not so interesting from demographic researches point of view. It’s much more intriguing how we’ll spend the years that maybe granted to us?